• Despite The Bitcoin Price Dip, This Week Was Incredibly Bullish

    I know that this advice is easier said than done, but don’t get distracted by the price of bitcoin.  We closed last Friday at $56,000 and saw the price reach and all-time high over the weekend, yet the market decided to pull back. This is a feature, not a bug. Remember that bitcoin is a mature asset and the market is in price discovery mode 24/7.  If you look beyond the charts and read the headlines from this week, you would think a dramatic price rise would be taking place.  ...

  • Why Won’t Bitcoin Die? Because You Need It

    “Why won’t bitcoin die?” is a common question I’ve heard asked throughout the years by people sitting on the sidelines watching the bitcoin price hectically rise and fall, time and time again.  The mainstream media will tell you that bitcoin is a speculative bubble, your financial advisor will tell you that you’re wasting your time by investing in it, your friends and family will tell you that it’s a scam and economists will tell you that it won’t work. So, why is bitcoin c...

  • Taproot Activation And LOT=True Vs. LOT=False

    Listen To This Episode: AppleSpotifyGoogleLibsynOvercast In this episode of “The Van Wirdum Sjorsnado,” hosts Aaron van Wirdum and Sjors Provoost discussed activation of the Taproot soft fork upgrade, and more specifically, the lock-in on timeout (LOT) parameter. The LOT parameter can be set to either “true” (LOT=true) or “false” (LOT=false). LOT=false resembles how several previous soft forks were activated. Miners would have one year to coordinate Taproot activa...

  • Bitcoin Has No Real Use For DeFi In Its Current Form

    The decentralized finance (DeFi) ecosystem continues to attract billions of dollars from cryptocurrency enthusiasts. Though the term “decentralized finance” could certainly apply directly to Bitcoin in and of itself, the growth of the DeFi industry lately refers to an umbrella of projects, mostly based on Ethereum smart contracts, that support cryptocurrency-based lending, prediction markets or other financial services. While the emphasis on Ethereum may make it seem as if Bitcoin and DeF...

  • The Utter Futility Of A Bitcoin Ban

    In recent days and weeks, U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen has been raising the alarm about what she perceives to be a rising “misuse” of cryptocurrencies, which she argues are used mainly “for illicit financing” by unsavory groups. During her confirmation hearing, Yellen provided some ominous foreshadowing, saying, “I think we really need to examine ways in which we can curtail their use and make sure that money laundering doesn’t occur through those channels.” Back in Dec...

  • Coinbase Files S-1 Registration Ahead Of Going Public

    Major cryptocurrency exchange Coinbase filed an S-1 registration today, disclosing pertinent company information to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) ahead of its planned direct listing public offering. Per the filing, Coinbase’s class A common stock will be listed under the symbol “COIN.” SEC Form S-1 is the initial registration form for new securities required by the SEC for public companies that are based in the U.S. Any security that meets the criteria must have an S...

  • BitMEX Operator Continues Support Of Bitcoin Core Maintainer Fanquake With $100,000 Grant

    Today, 100x Group, the operator of cryptocurrency exchange BitMEX, announced its third grant to Bitcoin Core maintainer Michael Ford, aka Fanquake. This latest donation is for $100,000, bringing 100x Group’s total support of Ford to $250,000 over three years. The grant was made in conjunction with an additional $18,500 being given to Ford by Australian cryptocurrency exchange Independent Reserve. “100x Group is pleased to provide long-term financial support for open-source developers l...

  • Interview: James O’Beirne On Bitnomial And Bitcoin Dependencies

    Listen To This Episode: AppleSpotifyGoogleLibsynOvercast For this episode of the “Bitcoin Magazine Podcast,” host Christian Keroles sat down with Bitcoin developer and economist James O’Beirne. O’Beirne is a Bitcoin Core developer with very unique experiences across disciplines, being both a Bitcoin Core contributor as well as a learned macroeconomics scholar. He took Keroles through his journey from Chaincode Labs in New York to DG Lab and now, to his current pro...

  • Bitcoin, The Alternative To Pandemonium

    Right now, America is heating up. Our mass is collectively shifting and vibrating at a higher and higher rate, as we endure abrasive alterations in our lives. Catalysts in society serve as flames that heat up the environments of people and make changes occur. A lot of this heat is being applied by money right now. There is a large group of people who are unemployed, who were not so before the pandemic. Certain industries crumble while others prosper. A lot of this is merely the acceleration o...

  • Nigerians Need Bitcoin, So Where Will The Restrictions Lead?

    The massive rally in bitcoin prices has created a lot of buzz around cryptocurrencies lately, but Nigeria is one of the countries where bitcoin has been widely accepted for some time. The West African country has the highest bitcoin trading volume in Africa and recently ranked second globally of any country after the United States. According to Bitcoin.com, Nigerians have traded more than 60,200 BTC (worth more than $566 million) since 2015 through Paxful’s P2P exchange.  Why Has Bitco...

  • Janet Yellen Sounds Like She’s Scared Of Bitcoin

    Source This week, CNBC published a headline that recently-appointed U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Janet “Yellen sounds warning about extremely inefficient bitcoin.” Ironically, two days later CNBC published another article because the Federal Reserve’s systems are down.The article amplified her criticism of bitcoin’s value and energy consumption. The kicker is that it does so without actually comparing it to anything, which is absurd. So, here I am to address this one-sided j...

  • Tether, Powell Testimony And Bitcoin Hegemony

    Listen To This Episode: AppleSpotifyGoogleLibsynOvercast In this episode of Bitcoin Magazine’s “Fed Watch” podcast, hosts Christian Keroles and Ansel Lindner gave an update on bitcoin’s price action over the last two weeks, spoke about the Tether settlement with the NYAG, provided expert commentary on Chairman Powell’s recent testimony and dove deeply into how bitcoin fits into the macro landscape. Bitcoin’s price action has been quite volatile, but bitcoiners are used to...

  • MicroStrategy Buys $1.026 Billion Of Bitcoin

    After raising more than $1 billion dollars to buy bitcoin last Friday, MicroStrategy announced today that it has completed a purchase of approximately 19,452 BTC, purchased for an aggregate price of $52,765 per bitcoin. CEO Michael Saylor announced the monumental purchase via Twitter. MicroStrategy has purchased an additional ~19,452 bitcoins for ~$1.026 billion in cash at an average price of ~$52,765 per #bitcoin. As of 2/24/2021, we #hodl ~90,531 bitcoins acquired for ~$2.171 billion at an...

  • As Bitcoin Surges, Investors Find Invictus Capital’s C10

    This is a promoted article provided by Invictus Capital. As the bitcoin price finds its footing among all-time high levels, following a meteoric bull run that’s been ongoing for nearly a year, investors are increasingly looking for ways to get exposure to the asset. But many of these potential Bitcoiners are also interested in the broader cryptocurrency market, as well as mitigating the volatility that is so common in the space. Many within this group have found Crypto10 Hedged (C10), a ...

  • LOT=true Or LOT=false? This Is The Last Hurdle Before Taproot Activation

    The discussion on Taproot activation appears to have reached its final stage, with the remaining decision revolving around the activation parameter LOT. The code for Taproot, a proposed Bitcoin protocol upgrade for compact and privacy-preserving smart contracts, has been included in the most recent version of Bitcoin Core, currently the de-facto reference implementation for the Bitcoin protocol. The only remaining step is for the upgrade to activate on the Bitcoin network. But as a consens...

  • Taproot Activation And The LOT Debate

    You’ve probably already heard about Taproot, the new proposed soft-fork upgrade for Bitcoin, which will introduce a new signing algorithm and an enhanced, more private and flexible scripting mechanism. Now, while Taproot has been discussed for a long time, and its code has already been merged to Bitcoin Core, the actual upgrade has not yet taken place. That is, the changes were not yet activated and enforced by the network. The biggest question still left is how to coordinate the activation...

  • Bitfinex, Tether Found To Misrepresent USDT Backing And Obscure User Fund Losses

    After more than two years of legal battle and investigation, iFinex and stablecoin issuer Tether have agreed to an $18.5 million settlement with the New York Attorney General’s office (OAG) today while admitting to no wrongdoing. Originally promoted by findings stemming from a 2018 investigative subpoena, the OAG alleged in 2019 that cryptocurrency exchange Bitfinex used funds from Tether,  both of which are run by iFinex, to obscure some $850 million in customer funds losses caused by...

  • Bitcoin, Lightning And Podcasting 2.0

    Listen To This Episode: AppleSpotifyGoogleLibsynOvercast This week on the “Bitcoin Magazine Podcast,” host Christian Keroles sat down with long-time Bitcoin podcaster and advocate Anita Posch. Posch is the host of the fantastic “Anita Posch Show” where she highlights the efforts of Bitcoiners around the globe, especially bitcoiners in Africa and LATAM.  In this episode, Keroles and Posch focused on new podcasting technology being built on top of the Bitcoin L...

  • Financial Vampirism And Bitcoin

    2020 was an unprecedented year in financial engineering. Unprecedented and yet… totally predictable if you pay attention to the right metrics. Source Market trajectories which have been set in motion, and remain in motion until acted on by an outside force, are being brought to bear on the world stage. No matter how many pundits regurgitate the notion that “nobody could’ve possibly seen this coming,” the truth is that the underpinnings of societal structure have been beset by a ver...

  • The Bitcoin Magazine Art Portal: Calling All Bitcoin Artists

    It’s no secret that the world of fine art and collectibles has been massively disrupted by technologies stemming from the innovation of Bitcoin.Non-fungible tokens, colloquially known as “NFTs,” are a relatively new technology that has taken the art world by storm, generating millions of dollars in sales across platforms like Nifty Gateway, Async, SuperRare, MakersPlace, KnownOrigin, Rarible; the list grows. Projects like NBA Top Shot and CryptoPunks are leveraging this technology to creat...

  • Interview: Bitcoin In Nigeria With Ahyke Otutubuike

    Listen To This Episode: AppleSpotifyGoogle This episode of Bitcoin Magazine’s “Bitcoin In Asia” featured Ahyke Otutubuike, a technical writer and Bitcoin user based in Nigeria.  Nigeria has been in the news this month as its central bank issued a directive, prohibiting regulated financial institutions from dealing with cryptocurrency exchanges and companies that touch crypto, essentially unbanking them. Ahyke had a piece in Bitcoin Magazine this past week explaining the si...

  • Using Stowaway, A Privacy-Enhancing Tool From Samourai Wallet

    Animated cover image by @artdesignbySF. When it comes to defensively guarding the privacy of Bitcoin users, Samourai Wallet has been on the bleeding edge for many years, bringing new features and improvements to users that help achieve anonymity through Whirlpool, its CoinJoin implementation, and to maintain privacy with spending tools like Stowaway, Stonewallx2, Ricochet and PayNyms. Samourai Wallet is also the only Bitcoin wallet to date that has implemented BIP 47.  Additionally, i...

  • First-Ever North American Bitcoin ETF Breaks Records In Opening Week

    The first bitcoin exchange-traded fund (ETF) to receive regulatory approval in North America has already demonstrated the market’s huge appetite for such a product. The Purpose Bitcoin ETF (ticker: BTCC), brought to market by Purpose Investments earlier this week, traded $80 million worth of shares in its first hour and $200 million in its first day — a figure that’s ten times greater than that of the average ETF and broke records in Canada, according to Bloomberg senior ETF analyst Eri...

  • 2021 Bitcoin Investment Research Report

    Bitcoin, the decentralized digital currency, was established on January 3, 2009 by Satoshi Nakamoto, the pseudonymous developer(s) who pieced together its original source code. Satoshi mined the very first Bitcoin block and received 50 BTC for the work. After that, the decentralized cryptocurrency network was born, and it would begin to grow and spread throughout the world like a virus. Bitcoin’s price has surmounted a wall of worry since this 2009 origin. It went from few people thinking i...

  • Bitcoin Hits $56,000, What’s Next?

    In January 2021, Bloomberg Analyst Mike McGlone predicted that the price of bitcoin would hit $50,000 at some point this year. At the time, the value of the leading crypto asset was merely hovering above $30,000, and the $50,000 mark felt a very long way off. Less than a full month later and the cryptocurrency king has not only passed $50,000 — a major price milestone — but exceeded $56,000. And it appears as if nothing can stop it from going even further. The price rise that has seen bit...

  • Why Investors Are So Excited About MicroStrategy’s Bitcoin Acquisition Plan

    MicroStrategy has announced another convertible bond raise, this time priced at $900 million, in order to buy even more bitcoin. How does this compare to its last bond offering? And why isn’t it going to stop anytime soon? What’s A Convertible Note? First, a convertible bond or note starts as a bond, then “converts” to equity. The company pays lower interest rates because of this potential conversion. In other words, the company will pay for it later with an equity dilution...

  • Explaining Bitcoin Addresses

    Listen To This Episode: AppleSpotifyGoogleLibsynOvercast In this episode of “The Van Wirdum Sjorsnado,” hosts Aaron van Wirdum and Sjors Provoost discussed Bitcoin addresses. Every Bitcoin user has probably at one point used Bitcoin addresses, but what are they, exactly? Van Wirdum and Provoost explained that Bitcoin addresses are not part of the Bitcoin protocol. Instead, they are conventions used by Bitcoin (wallet) software to communicate where coins must be spent to: ...

  • At $1 Trillion BTC Market Cap, MicroStrategy Completes $1.05 Billion Raise

    This article and headline were updated on February 19, 2021. As Bitcoin hit new all-time price highs over $53,000 and the asset’s market capitalization passed $1 trillion, MicroStrategy CEO Michael Saylor announced on Twitter that his company closed out its convertible note offering to buy more bitcoin and raised more than expected at $1.05 billion, per a release.  MicroStrategy Completes $1.05 Billion Offering of Convertible Notes at 0% Coupon and 50% Conversion Premium with #Bit...

  • Lastbit Launches Two Lightning Payment Apps To Boost Adoption In Europe

    Today, bitcoin payments company Lastbit announced the launch of two payment apps designed to spread use of the Lightning Network among Europeans.  One of the apps, Lastbit Lite, is a mobile payment app that integrates a Lightning Network wallet with a euro-denominated, International Bank Account Number- (IBAN) designated bank account. And the other, Lastbit Cards, is a mobile app that lets users fund their Lastbit debit cards via the Lightning Network using Lite or any Lightning Network w...

  • Interview: Diego Gutiérrez Zaldívar And Building On Bitcoin

    Listen To This Episode: AppleSpotifyGoogleLibsynOvercast This week, on the “Bitcoin Magazine Podcast,” host Christian Keroles sat down with long-time Bitcoiner and co-founder of the RSK Bitcoin sidechain Diego Gutiérrez Zaldívar. RSK has been live on top of Bitcoin since 2018 and has been quietly building a fantastic ecosystem of wallets, decentralized order books, bitcoin-backed stablecoins and more. The projects being built on and enabled by RSK have been generating an i...

  • Taproot Activation Timeline Set, But Path Unclear

    Earlier this week, Bitcoin’s development community met via Internet Relay Chat (IRC) to discuss Taproot activation paths and lay out an expected timeline for the privacy and smart contract flexibility upgrade. This was the second such activation meeting held through IRC. Though a tentative timeline was set, the meeting ultimately left the group divided on a main issue: How exactly to coordinate the upgrade. According to an expected timeline posted after the meeting on Bitcoin Wiki, Tapro...

  • This Month In Bitcoin And Central Banks

    Listen To This Episode: AppleSpotifyGoogleLibsynOvercast In this episode of Bitcoin Magazine’s “Fed Watch” podcast, Christian Keroles and Ansel Lindner gave an update on central bank news in relation to bitcoin. This is the only podcast that tackles this intersection of macro and bitcoin from a realistic and skeptical point of view. The cracks in the legacy financial system are fairly evident at this point, but it is not going to be a quick and easy transition to what is n...

  • Interview: How Bitcoin Changed My Life With Yung Lerk

    Listen To This Episode: AppleSpotifyLibsyn For this episode of Bitcoin Magazine’s “Meet The Taco Plebs,” I was joined by fellow pleb Yung Lerk (@YungLerk_) for his first-ever podcast appearance. This was one of my favorite episodes that I’ve recorded in this series and I’m sure you’ll love it just as much as I did. We kicked off this interview by discussing Lerk’s rabbit hole story and how he found Bitcoin. He described how he went through a four-touch process with Bitc...

  • Bitcoin Will Persist In Nigeria, But The Ban Changes Things

    You have probably heard the news about the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) imposing a ban on financial services for cryptocurrency exchange operators, as well as the incongruent excuses for its action. You may have also heard of several connected controversies, like how it’s linked to the #endSARS protests, aid for which was partly funded in bitcoin.  What you probably don’t know, though, is how this is related to the economic shock from the COVID-19 pandemic, the huge arbitrage ga...

  • FastBitcoins Gifting Customers 50 Percent Of On-Chain Transaction Fees For Using Lightning

    FastBitcoins, which allows users to buy bitcoin directly via their bank accounts or at physical locations quickly through the Lightning Network, will be rewarding its users with 50 percent of the transaction fees that would usually be charged on-chain. “With this new incentive, FastBitcoins aims to proactively drive customer adoption of the Lightning Network, the payments layer that sits on top of the main Bitcoin blockchain, and make Bitcoin usable for people in real life,” according to ...

  • NYDIG Files For Bitcoin ETF Approval

    Bitcoin-focused financial services firm New York Digital Investment Group (NYDIG) filed for approval to offer a bitcoin exchange-traded fund (ETF) with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) today. An ETF is seen as one of the easiest ways of bringing bitcoin exposure to the masses, as it would be accessible through the stock market and legacy brokerage accounts. Currently, with no approved ETF on the market, retail investors using legacy brokerage accounts are constrained to bitco...

  • Sports Gambling Website 500.com Acquires Bitcoin Mining Pool BTC.com

    Today, Shenzhen, China-based sports lottery site 500.com announced the acquisition of major Bitcoin mining pool BTC.com from Blockchain Alliance Technologies Holding Company via a share-swap agreement. Blockchain Alliance is operated by BitDeer, which itself is chaired by Jihan Wu, the co-founder of bitcoin mining giant Bitmain. The terms of this purchase agreement include 500.com using 10 percent of its own outstanding shares to execute it, according to the announcement. The terms also outli...

  • MicroStrategy To Offer Another $600 Million Of Convertible Notes To Buy More Bitcoin

    Gigachad CEO Michael Saylor announced on Twitter this morning that his company, software intelligence firm MicroStrategy, has proposed a private offering of $600 million in convertible senior notes so it can “use the net proceeds from the sale of the notes to acquire additional bitcoins,” according to the press release Saylor shared. MicroStrategy Announces Proposed Private Offering of $600 Million of Convertible Senior Notes $MSTRhttps://t.co/pljBkX7jzF— Michael Saylor (@michael_...

  • Interview: Anthony Scaramucci On Bitcoin Fund Strategy

    Listen To This Episode: AppleSpotifyGoogleLibsynOvercast This week for the “Bitcoin Magazine Podcast,” Bitcoin Magazine advisor Matt Odell sat down with Anthony Scaramucci, the cofounder of Skybridge Capital, to discuss his bitcoin fund and his thoughts on the technology and the asset. Scaramucci echoed Bitcoin first principles thinking for the institutional investor class and it was incredibly validating of the Bitcoin narrative. Scaramucci explained that he could not in...

  • Latest Umbrel Update Further Improves Bitcoin Privacy, Self-Sovereignty

    This week, open-source Bitcoin and Lightning Network node developer Umbrel released a significant update to its operating system, bringing a list of notable improvements to its wallet and UX, plus several additions to its celebrated Umbrel App Store.  The Umbrel App Store was released December 2020 and has brought single-click installation of some of the most popular Bitcoin apps since then. This latest update brings the addition of Samourai Server, a mempool.space explorer and LNBits. ...

  • Education Is The Best Bitcoin Investment

    The tech industry abounds with buzzwords and acronyms that seem, at times, designed to exclude the ordinary user. But “UX” isn’t one of these mere buzzwords. User experience is one of the rare bits of tech shorthand that actually mean something to our customers and clients because everybody knows what bad UX looks like.  But sometimes, great UX isn’t all that it seems, especially for new and inexperienced users. In the last Bitcoin Magazine article penned by a member of the Casa ...

  • Mazer Gaming Gives Back Tournament Returns To Propel Bitcoin Adoption

    This is a promoted article provided by Mazer Gaming. Mazer Gaming, an esports and entertainment organization, has just announced the second edition of its popular Mazer Gaming Gives Back tournament series. Last May, Mazer Gaming hosted their first crypto-infused charity tournament, partnering with The Giving Block to raise money for Us4Warriors in crypto donations. This event was held on “Super Smash Bros.,” a popular fighting game made by Nintendo. It was a huge success, totaling over 50...

  • Bitcoin Mining Group Luxor Technologies Announces Pre-Seed Fundraising

    Today, bitcoin mining pool and software company Luxor Technologies announced a $725,000 pre-seed fundraising round. Argo Blockchain, Routemaster, Celsius Network, Bitnomial and a number of individuals participated in the round, according to a release shared with Bitcoin Magazine. Among Luxor’s products are Hashrate Index, a transparent source of information on the revenue bitcoin miners should expect; North American bitcoin mining pool software servers; and Luxor Switch, a profit-switching ...

  • How Nigerians Are Reacting To The Cryptocurrency Ban

    The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has said that its decision to ban cryptocurrency was necessary to prevent crimes and mitigate risksSeveral Nigerians have condemned the move and believe the ban has some political undertone beyond those stated reasoningsThe Senate of Nigeria has summoned the CBN governor to explain the decision to ban cryptocurrency.  In a move that sparked outrage on social media earlier this month, the CBN issued a reminder to regulated financial institutions in the co...

  • Bitcoin As Fiat’s Antithesis: The Future Of Finance In Hegelian Terms

    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was a difficult man. Even his name is a mouthful to say. With more layers than a wedding cake, the German philosopher was the human equivalent of quantum theory.  As physicist Richard Feynman famously said, “Anyone who claims to understand quantum theory is either lying or crazy.” The same accusation can be applied to Hegel’s philosophies. If anyone claims to fully understand Hegel, they are either lying or cr...

  • What Pushed Bitcoin Past All-Time Price Highs This Week (And What’s Next)?

    It may be a milestone that is losing some of it’s novelty, but bitcoin once again eclipsed its all-time price high this week, reaching a USD value of $49,000 on Bitstamp today. Sometimes bitcoin’s price movement can be difficult to parse but, in this case, there was a series of significant news items and events that likely propelled BTC to its current heights. What Pushed Bitcoin To Its Latest ATH? The bitcoin bull run that has been ongoing since early 2020 has had a seemingly syner...

  • Discussing Bitcoin Softchains, Sidechains Using PoW Fraud Proofs

    Listen To This Episode: AppleSpotifyGoogleLibsynOvercast In this episode of “The Van Wirdum Sjorsnado,” hosts Aaron van Wirdum and Sjors Provoost were once again joined by Ruben Somsen. This time, they discussed one of Ruben’s own proposals, called “softchains.” Softchains are a type of two-way peg sidechain that utilizes a new type of consensus mechanism: proof-of-work fraud proofs (or, as Provoost prefers to call them, “proof-of-work fraud indicators...

  • Mayor’s Proposal To Integrate Bitcoin Into Miami’s Operations Receives Approval

    In a Twitter video posted late last night, Miami Mayor Francis Suarez announced that city commissioners have supported his resolution to explore letting residents pay city fees or property taxes in bitcoin, allowing city employees to receive compensation in bitcoin and giving Miami the opportunity to invest in bitcoin. Exploring:• State legislative priority• Paying employees in Bitcoin• Investing City treasury in Bitcoin We got it done pic.twitter.com/88laGvVbEG— Mayor Francis ...

  • Jack Dorsey, Jay-Z Launch Bitcoin Development Endowment

    Earlier today, Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey announced a partnership with hip-hop mogul and billionaire Sean Carter, aka Jay-Z, to create a Bitcoin development endowment focused initially on teams in India and Africa.  JAY-Z/@S_C_ and I are giving 500 BTC to a new endowment named ₿trust to fund #Bitcoin development, initially focused on teams in Africa & India. It‘ll be set up as a blind irrevocable trust, taking zero direction from us. We need 3 board members to start: https://t.co/L...

  • Canadian Securities Regulators Approve North America’s First Bitcoin ETF

    Canadian securities regulators have approved the world’s first “direct-custody” bitcoin exchange-traded fund (ETF) to be launched by Purpose Investment, according to a press release shared with Bitcoin Magazine.  While this is the world’s first investment vehicle calling itself a bitcoin ETF, there are already some European investment products that are physically-backed by bitcoin and work virtually the same. But this is the first such vehicle to gain regulatory approval in North...

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